Psychological Research and CRST (Part Two)

Continued from Part One

CRST uses this subtle energy to interfere with the pattern of emotional energy being generated during the remembrance of emotional responses to originating stimuli. Using "focused intent", also referred to as one-pointedness, concentration, mindfulness, the chi energy is directed to the chakras involved with the emotional responses. The hands are also used to literally break up the pattern; something often seen in shamanistic practices where rattles, feathers, hands, etc are rapidly passed over the subject in the healing ritual. The process is also similar to the martial art of Aikido (literally: ai harmony. ki life force do way.) This "focused intent" has the effect of rapidly desensitizing the emotional content aroused during the remembering of the original event.

7. Once the emotional content has been desensitized, then the cognitive component can be changed. Usually the cognitive component has been generalized in the form of a judgment: including a desire for retribution or punishment of those held responsible for the trauma, judgement of self, or a vow or oath about allowing the situation to occur again. These judgments can be verbalized and released with a simple declaration of intent and the application of "focused intent." After both emotions and judgments have been cleared, there are often questions of why the incident happened in the first place, especially in relationship to the subject's world view. Answers to these questions are referred to the person's superconscious, or higher self. This can simply be the higher order reasoning of the individual or can include the person's religious and spiritual inclinations toward guidance from a higher source. Usually the answers to these questions are received internally unless the subject wished to verbalize them.

When all aspects of the presenting issue are cleared and the sub-conscious indicates that this is so, then the individual may choose a new way of responding to the originating stimuli in the future. This new choice is made as a simple verbal declaration of intent.

8. Once learns the basics of CRST by facilitating in the process with others, it can be self- administered. It is most effective in the moment. The subject can desensitize response patterns before they become filed. Once all old patterns are systematically removed, and new ones desensitized when they occur, then you can truly respond in-the-moment, spontaneously.

In a recent study, (4) Spates and Burnette describe a very similar experimental intervention. "... in the eye movement intervention, the client insistently focuses on a disturbing imaginary image, while following with his eyes the therapist's fingers as they move back and forth across the field of motion per cycle at the rate of 24 cycles (one back and forth motion per cycle, at the rate of one cycle per second). At the conclusion of a set the client is instructed to blank out the image, take a deep breath and state the SUDS (subjective units of discomfort) level. Sets of eye movements are repeated until the anxiety associated with the disturbing image subsides. The therapist then asks the client to re-rate the desired cognition:... "

The authors then report on the effects of three complex cases of severe panic attacks, childhood incest, and incapacitating post traumatic stress syndrome (PTSD). In conclusion, the authors state:

"The positive outcomes following EMD treatment of three complex cases of PTSD were achieved in a relatively few or a single session and seemed to be stable over time with the exception of some recurrence of panic episodes in case 1 (referring to one of three separate cases). Interpersonal, social or occupation problems developing in the wake of the original traumas also seemed to have responded favorably to the treatment. Both therapists were trained by Shapiro."

(Francine Shapiro, the founder of the EMD therapy)

These results parallel the anecdotal results that have been found with CRST to a remarkable degree. We believe the process is more refined in CRST, but includes the essential elements of CRST in the:

  1. induction through entrainment (saccadic eye movements at 1 cycle per second);
  2. desensitization through focused intent by both the experimenter and the subject;
  3. the eye-generated movement itself in the area of the third-eye chakra; and
  4. the outcome of rapid desensitization and generalization to personal and social areas.

Neuro-Linguistic Programming (NLP) and its spin off, Time Line Therapy, has also utilized similar techniques and report similar results with their reprogramming. Another technique called One Brain and several other transpersonally oriented systems essentially utilize the above stated principles, although not necessarily expressed in these terms.

Another interesting parallel was recently reported by Lang (5):

"The hermeneutics endeavor is concerned with that "which is in all human orientation encountered as the 'atopen', the Strange, that which cannot be accommodated anywhere within the usual structures of expectation in experience..."

One presupposition for a dialogue situation to become healing is an "inner communication" between present and past. This is the phenomenon of the effective "historical consciousness" that is itself constituted by communication and connects present with past. The therapeutic anamnesis is able to extract "traumatic" effects from the recent past...But it can also - as in the case of the twenty-three-year-old student who remembered that she had been sent away to uncaring relatives - go back to the beginning of a person's life. The insertion of the human being into a specific order and specific society takes place communicatively; he or she also conducts further existence communicatively. Psychopathology and psychosomatics show that a failure of communicative acts as well as communicative restrictions may occur. The primary Others, for instance, might not allow the newly arrived person to assert himself or herself in his/her difference or acknowledge it, but might recruit the new person narcissistically as part of their own selves. Because underlying the neuroses and psychosomatic disorders there are distortions of the communicative relations, which are building blocks of human existence, so it is possible, in a communicative relation, in discourse, to remove interference, to 'set things straight', to eliminate communicative restrictions and to bring about understanding. Psychotherapy is to that extent a genuine hermeneutic experience, for, to close with a quote from Gadamer 'the fundamental model of all understanding is dialogue or discourse'. Hermeneutics has the universal task of understanding what is, in one's human orientation to the world, encountered as the incomprehensible."

The failure of the conscious mind to understand the origin of many of it's emotional responses, attitudes, judgments, and choices is the sine qua non of the philosophers plea to "know thyself". CRST does "set things straight" between the communications of the subconscious with the conscious and also makes the incomprehensible response patterns of relationships understandable. At the subconscious level, communication is not distorted through egosyntonic considerations or defense mechanisms.

To further quote Dr. Lang,

"Psychotherapy then involves the figuring out of the meaning of a symptom and, at the same time, the effecting of change in the sense of an enhancement of communication."

The enhancement of communication mediated at the subconscious level allows the facilitator of CRST to effectively assist:

  • in reconciling alters, both of the classic MPS and of the "inner child" variety;
  • in understanding and changing personal relationships at their most fundamental levels;
  • in recognizing somatoform symptoms as reflections of emotional events that occurred historically and providing means for our relationship to this history to be examined and changed;
  • the body to communicate its needs precisely and advise the subject and the facilitator on how best to affect healing;
  • in recognizing the purpose of historical events in relationship to the subject's spiritual orientation;
  • the subject to learn to live "mindfully", in the here-and-now, not plagued by ancient history and automatic response patterns.


Although the efficacy of transpersonal systems such as CRST do not have rigid experimental proof, they are consistent with and in some instances, such as CRST, are based upon systems of thought about mind-body relationships and health that have thousands of years of recorded reports. These reports were based upon qualified observers who based their reports on billions of anecdotal trials. These systems are furthermore supported by a large body of experimental literature that has not been translated or acknowledged in the West. Phenomenologically, many of these systems (Ayurveda, Traditional Chinese Medicine, Homeopathy, Tibetan Medicine) have been not only been proven by their survival and efficacy in health maintenance, but also have the unequivocal support of foreign governments and billions of satisfied patients. Western medicine is now beginning to discover, examine and discuss in the main-stream peer reviewed medical literature, the implications of some of the underlying principles of these systems.

Written by James M. Price and Elizabeth Z. Coleman, MD


  1. Price, James M. MSW, MPA, Causal Release System Training, Swan Publishing Co, Efland, NC, 1994
  2. La Chance, Roger, MA, Price, James M. MSW, MPA, La Methode Relacher Francaise, Phase I, Orion, Sedona, Az., 1990
  3. Wilber, Ken, Sex, Ecology, Spirituality, The Spirit of Evolution, Shambhala, Boston, 1995
  4. Eye Movement Desensitization: Three Unusual Cases, C. Richard Spates and M. Michele Burnette, Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, Vol.26, No. 1, Page 51-55,1995
  5. Hermann Lang, MD, PhD, Hermeneutics and Psychoanalytically Oriented Psychotherapy, American Journal of Psychotherapy, Vol. 49, No. 2, p.215-224, Spring 1995)


One Response to “Psychological Research and CRST (Part Two)”

  1. Psychological Research and CRST (Part One) | Healing Base on December 25th, 2011 11:37

    […] Continued in Part Two […]

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